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Bibliography at Public Opinion Pros

This is a cumulative bibliography of books and articles cited in Public Opinion Pros articles, to be supplemented in the future with other works of interest. Please submit information on other publications you would like to see added to this list, not including articles from Public Perspective magazine, whose searchable index and full text can be accessed through Public Perspective Online.

 


Public Opinion Top 50

 

For a list of fifty books that significantly shaped public opinion research recommended by the American Association for Public Opinion Research, visit the AAPOR website at
http://www.aapor.org/default.asp?page=survey_methods/recommended_reading

Abortion

Franklin, Charles, and Liane Kosaki. 1989. Republican schoolmaster: The U.S. Supreme Court, public opinion and abortion. American Political Science Review 83:751-71.

Acculturation

Burnam, A. M., R. L. Hough, M. Karno, C. A. Telles, and J. I. Escobar. 1987. Measurement of acculturation in a community population of Mexican Americans. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 9:105-30.

Clark, Lauren, and Lisa Hofsess. 1998. Acculturation. In Handbook of immigrant health, ed. Sana Loue, 37-59. New York: Plenum Press.

Cuéllar, Arnold, and R. Maldonado. 1995. Acculturation rating scale for Mexican Americans II: A revision of the original ARSMA scale. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 17:275-304.

Cuéllar, Israel, Bill Nyberg, Roberto Maldonado, and Robert Roberts. 1997. Ethnic identity and acculturation in a young adult Mexican-origin population. Journal of Community Psychology 25:535-49.

Dawson, Edwin J., William D. Crano, and Michael Burgoon. 1996. Refining the meaning and measurement of acculturation: Revisiting a novel methodological approach. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 20:97-114.

Deyo, R. A., A. K. Diehl, H. Hazuda, and M. P. Stern. 1985. A simple language-based acculturation scale for Mexican Americans: Validation and application to health care research. American Journal of Public Health 75:51-55.

 

Confidence in institutions

Ackerman, Georgia, Bobbie Anderson, Scott Jensen, Randy Ludwig, Darrel Montero, Nicole Plante, and Vince Yanez. 2001. Crime rates and confidence in the police: America’s changing attitudes toward crime and politics, 1972-1999. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 28, no.1: 43-54.

Alford, John. 2001. We’re all in this together: The decline of trust in government. In What is it about government that Americans dislike, ed. John H. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brooks, Clemson, and Simon Cheng. 2001. Declining government confidence and policy preference in the U.S.: Devolution, regime effects, or symbolic change. Social Forces 79, no. 4: 1343-75.

Cooper, Joseph, ed. 1999. Congress and the decline of public trust. Boulder: Westview Press.

Gaines, Brian J. 2002. Where’s the rally? Approval and trust of the president, cabinet, Congress, and government since September 11. PS, September, 531-36.

Hibbings, John R. and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. 1995. Congress as public enemy: Public attitudes toward American political institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hoffman, John. 1998. Confidence in religious institutions and secularization: Trends and implications. Review of Religious Research 39, no. 4: 321-43.

Independent Sector. 2002. Keeping the trust: Confidence in charitable organizations in an age of scrutiny. August. http://www.independentsector.org/PDFs/trust.pdf (accessed February 22, 2006).

Levi, Margaret, and Laura Stoker. 2000. Political trust and trustworthiness. Annual Review of Political Science 3:475-507.

Lipset, Seymour Martin, and William Schneider. 1987. The confidence gap: Business, labor, and government in the public mind. Revised edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Nye, Joseph S. Jr., Philip D. Zelikow, and David C. King. 1997. Why people don’t trust government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pescosolido, Bernice A., Steven A. Tuch, and Jack K. Martin. 2001. The profession of medicine and the public: Examining Americans’ changing confidence in physician authority from the beginning of the “health care crisis” to the era of health care reform. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42:1-16.

Peterson, Bruce L. 1985. Confidence: Categories and confusion. GSS Technical Report No. 50. General Social Survey, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, September.

Rottman, David B., and Alan J. Tompkins. 1999. Trust and confidence in the courts: What public opinion surveys mean to judges. Court Review. Fall, 24-31.

Smith, Tom W.. 1981. Can we have confidence in confidence? Revisited. In Measurement of subjective phenomena, ed. Denis F. Johnston. Washington, DC: GPO.

Streeter, William W. 1994. Do banks have an image problem? ABA Banking Journal 86, no. 3.

Wenzel, James P., Shaun Bowler, and David J. Lanoue. 2003. The sources of public confidence in state courts: Experience and institutions. American Politics Research 31, no. 2:191-211.

 

Congress

Hibbings, John R. and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. 1995. Congress as public enemy: Public attitudes toward American political institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Crime

Ackerman, Georgia, Bobbie Anderson, Scott Jensen, Randy Ludwig, Darrel Montero, Nicole Plante, and Vince Yanez. 2001. Crime rates and confidence in the police: America’s changing attitudes toward crime and politics, 1972-1999. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 28, no.1: 43-54.

 

Deliberative discussion

Fishkin, James S. 1991. Democracy and deliberation: New directions for democratic reform. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

 

Disasters and tragedies, public response to

Smith, Tom W., and Kenneth A. Rasinski. 2002. Assassination and terror: Two American tragedies compared. Public Perspective 13 (no. 5): 34-38.

Smith, Tom W., Kenneth A. Rasinski, and Marianna Toce. 2001. America rebounds: A national study of public response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. Chicago, IL: NORC, at The University of Chicago.

Kenneth A. Rasinski, Jennifer Berktold, Tom W. Smith, and Bethany Albertson. 2002. America recovers: A follow up to a national study of public response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. Chicago, IL: NORC, at The University of Chicago.

 

Economic inequality

Bowley, Arthur L and A. R. Burnett-Hurst. 1915. Livelihood and poverty: A study in the economic conditions of working-class households in Northampton, Warrington, Stanley and Reading. London: G. Bell and Sons.


Elections and election polling

Abramowitz, Alan. 2004. Terrorism, gay marriage, and incumbency: Explaining the Republican victory in the 2004 presidential election. The Forum 2, no. 4: Article 3.

Belli, Robert F., Michael W. Traugott, Margaret Young. 1999. Reducing vote overreporting in surveys: Social desirability, memory failure, and source monitoring. Public Opinion Quarterly, 63:90-108.

Bolstein, Richard. 1991. Comparison of the likelihood to vote among preelection poll respondents and nonrespondents. Public Opinion Quarterly 55:648-50.

Buchanan, William. 1986. Election predictions: an empirical assessment. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:222-27.

Burden, Barry C. 2004. An alternative account of the 2004 presidential election. The Forum 2, no. 4: Article 2.

Converse, Philip E. 2000. Assessing the capacity of mass electorates. Annual Review of Political Science 3: 331-53.

Converse, Philip E. 1975. Public opinion and voting behavior. In Handbook of Political Science, ed. Fred I Greenstein and Nelson W. Polsby, vol. 4. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 75-169.

Crespi, Irving. 1988. Pre-election polling: Sources of accuracy & error. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Erikson, Robert S., Costas Panagopoulos, and Christopher Wlezien. 2004. Likely (and unlikely) voters and the assessment of campaign dynamics. Public Opinion Quarterly 68:588-602.

Freedman, Paul, and Ken Goldstein. 1996. Building a probable electorate from preelection polls: A two-stage approach. Public Opinion Quarterly 60:574-87.

Hillygus, D. Sunshine, and Todd G. Shields. 2005. Moral issues and voter decision making in the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 201-9.

Kelley, Stanley Jr. 1989. Pre-election polling: Sources of accuracy and error. Public Opinion Quarterly 53:613-15.

Kessel, John H. 1972. Comment: The issues in issue voting. American Political Science Review 66 (June): 459-65.

Kramer, Gerald. 1983. The ecological fallacy revisited: Aggregate vs. individual-level findings on economics and elections, and sociotropic voting. American Political Science Review 77: 92-111.

Lau, Richard R. 1994. An analysis of the accuracy of “trial heat” polls during the 1992 presidential election. Public Opinion Quarterly 58:2-20.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F., Bernard Berelson, and Hazel Gaudet. [1944]. 1948, 1968. The people's choice. How the voter makes up his mind in a presidential campaign. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lewis, Gregory B. 2005. Same-sex marriage and the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 195-99. 

Mitofsky, W. 1981. The 1980 pre-election polls: A review of disparate methods and results. Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods, American Statistical Association, 47-52.

Patterson, Thomas E. 2002. The vanishing voter: Public involvement in an age of uncertainty. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Perry, Paul. 1979. Certain problems in election survey methodology. Public Opinion Quarterly 43:312-25.

Petrocik, John R. 1991. An algorithm for estimating turnout as a guide to predicting elections Public Opinion Quarterly 55:643-47.

Plissner, Martin. The control room: How television calls the shots in presidential elections. Touchstone, 2000.

Popkin, S. 1991. The Reasoning Voter. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Shaiko, Ronald G., Diana Dwyre, Mark O’Gorman, Jeffrey M. Stenecash, and James Vike. 1991. Pre-election political polling and the non-response bias issue. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 3:86-100.

Sigelman, Lee. 1984. Forecasting presidential elections. Public Opinion Quarterly 48:834-35.

Traugott, Michael W. 2001. Trends: Assessing poll performance in the 2000 campaign. Public Opinion Quarterly 65:389-419.

Martin Wattenberg. 2002. Where have all the voters gone? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.

 

Elite opinion

Gilens, Martin, and Naomi Murakawa. 2002. Elite cues and political decision-making. In Research in micropolitics. volume 6: Political decision-making, deliberation and participation, ed. Michael X. Delli Carpini, Leonie Huddy, and Robert Y. Shapiro. New York: JAI./Elsevier Science.

Katz, Elihu, and Paul F. Lazarsfeld. 1955. Personal influence. New York: The Free Press.

Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth. 1985. Identifying opinion leaders. Proceedings of the 1985 ESOMER Conference. Wiesbaden.

Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1984 Presidents as opinion leaders: Some new evidence. Policy Studies Journal 12 (June): 649-61.

Weimann, Gabriel. 1994. The influentials: People who influence people. Albany: State University of New York Press.


End of life issues

Benson, John M., and Melissa J. Herrmann. 1999. Right to die or right to life? The public on assisted suicide. Public Perspective 10(4): 15-19.

 

Exit polling

Please see our January 2006 issue for an extensive bibliography on exit polling.


False consensus effect

Koestner, Richard, Gaëtan F. Losier, Nicolay M. Worren, Lisa Baker, and Robert J. Vallerand. 1995. False consensus effects for the 1992 Canadian referendum. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 27 (2): 214-25.

Marks, Gary and Norman Miller. 1987. Ten years of research on the false-consensus effect: An empirical and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin 102 (1): 72-90.

Whitley, Bernard Jr. 1998. False consensus on sexual behavior among college women. Journal of Sex Research 35 (2): 206-14.

 

Foreign relations, crossnational, and international opinion

Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The clash of civilizations? Foreign Affairs 72, no. 3 (Summer): 22-49.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1996. The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Richman, Alvin, David Nolle, and Eloise Malone. 1999. Attitudes of American elites and the public toward foreign affairs. International Studies Notes 24 (3): 25-29.

Richman, Alvin, Eloise Malone, and David Nolle. 1997. Testing foreign policy belief structures in the post-Cold War period: Cross validations from two national surveys. Political Research Quarterly 50 (4): 939-55.

Rusciano, Frank Louis. 1998. World opinion and the emerging international order. Westport: Praeger.

Sauders, Harold H., and Kenneth A. Brown. 2004. Public thinking about America’s role in the world: What Americans have to say about our role and why it matters. Dayton: The Kettering Foundation, 2004.

 

Health, health care, and medicine

Pescosolido, Bernice A., Steven A. Tuch, and Jack K. Martin. 2001. The profession of medicine and the public: Examining Americans’ changing confidence in physician authority from the beginning of the “health care crisis” to the era of health care reform. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42:1-16.

 

Holocaust, The

Smith, Tom W. 1995. The Holocaust denial controversy. Public Opinion Quarterly 59 (Summer): 269-95.

Smith, Tom W. 1995. World War II and the lessons of history. The Public Perspective 6 (August/September): 51-53.

TNS Sofres. 2005. Memory of the Holocaust. Report prepared for the American Jewish Committee.


Ideology

Conover, Pamela J., and Stanley Feldman. 1980. The origins and meaning of liberal-conservative self identifications. American Journal of Political Science 25:617-45.

Converse, P. E. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In Ideology and discontent, ed. D. E. Apter, 206-61. New York: The Free Press.

Feldman, Stanley, and John Zaller. 1992. The political culture of ambivalence: Ideological responses to the welfare state. American Journal of Political Science 36:268-307.

Jacoby, William G. 1986. Levels of conceptualization and reliance on the liberal-conservative continuum. Journal of Politics 48:423-432.

———. 1991. Ideological identification and issue attitudes. American Journal of Political Science 35:178-205.

———.1995. The structure of ideological thinking in the American electorate. American Journal of Political Science 39:314-35.

Kristol, Irving. 1995. Neoconservatism: The autobiography of an idea. New York: Free Press.

Putney, S., and R. Middleton. 1961. Dimensions and correlates of religious ideologies. Social Forces 39: 285-90.

Schiffer, Adam J. 2000. I’m not that liberal: Explaining conservative democratic identification. Political Behavior 22:293-310.


Internet surveys

Bargh, J. A., and K. Y. A. McKenna. 2004. The internet and social life. Annual Review of Psychology 55:573-90.

Birnbaum, Michael H. 2004 Human research and data collection via the internet. Annual Review of Psychology 55:803-32.

Bosnjak, M., T. L. Tuten, and W. Bandilla. 2001. Participation in web surveys: A typology. ZUMA Nachrichten 48 (May): 7-17.

Couper, Mick P. 2001. Web surveys: A review of issues and approaches. Public Opinion Quarterly 64: 464-94.

Couper, Mick P., Michael W. Traugott, and Mark J. Lamias. 2001. Web survey design. Public Opinion Quarterly 65 (Summer): 230-53.

DeRouvray, Cristel, and Mick P. Couper. 2002. Designing a strategy for reducing “No Opinion” responses in web-based surveys. Social Science Computing Review 20 (Spring): 3-9.

Dillman, Don A. 2000. Mail and internet surveys: The tailed design method. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Taylor, H. 2000. Does internet research "work"? Comparing on-line survey results with telephone surveys. International Journal of Market Research 42:51-63.

Taylor, H., Bremer, J., Overmeyer, C., Siegel, J. W., and Terhanian, G. 2001. The record of internet-based opinion polls in predicting the results of 72 races in the November 2000 US elections. International Journal of Market Research 43:127-36.

Terhanian, George, and John Bremer. 2000 Confronting the selection-bias and learning effects problems associated with internet research. Harris Interactive white paper, August 16.

Terhanian, George, John Bremer, Renee Smith, and Randy Thomas. 2000. Correcting data from online surveys for the effects of nonrandom selection and nonrandom assignment. Harris Interactive white paper.

Terhanian, G., Smith, R., Bremer, J., and Thomas, R. K. 2001. Exploiting analytical advances: Minimizing the biases associated with internet-based surveys of non-random samples. ARF/ESOMAR: Worldwide Online Measurement 248:247-72.

 

Media, communications, and political advertising

Ansolabehere, Steven, and Shanto Iyengar. 1995. Going negative: How political advertisements shrink and polarize the electorate. New York: The Free Press.

Ansolabehere, S., S. Iyengar, A. Simon, and N. Valentino. 1994. Does attack advertising demobilize the electorate? American Political Science Review 88: 829-38.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1998. Young Americans’ indifference to media coverage of public affairs. PS: Political Science & Politics 31 (September): 535-41.

Converse, P. E. 1990. Popular representation and the distribution of information. In Information and Democratic Processes, ed. J. Ferejohn and J. Kulkinski. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Davison, W. P. 1983. The third-person effect in communication. Pubic Opinion Quarterly 47:1-15.

Iyengar, Shanto, and Donald R. Kinder. 1987. News that matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F., and Patricia Kendall. 1948. Radio listening in America. The people look at radio—again. New York: Prentice Hall.

Lichter, S. Robert, and Linda S. Lichter, eds. 2004. Media monitor. Washington, D.C.: Center for Media and Public Affairs.

Schatz, Roland, ed. 2004. Media tenor. Bonn.: The Research Institute of INNOVATIO Verlags AG.

Shapiro, Robert Y., John Young, Kelly D. Patterson, Jill Blumenfeld, Douglas Cifu, Sara. Offenhartz, and Theodore Tsekerides. 1991. Media influences on support for presidential candidates in primary elections: Theory, method, and evidence. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 3: 340-65.

Shaw, Greg M. 2001. Navigating Slanted Arguments: Framing, Political Knowledge and the Impact of Biased Messages. Illinois Political Science Review 7 (Fall): 41-59.

Troldahl, Verling C., and Robert Van Dam. 1965. Face-to-face communication about major topics in the news. Public Opinion Quarterly 29:626-43.

Zaller, John. 1996. The myth of massive media impact revived: New support for a discredited idea. In Political persuasion and attitude change, ed. Diane C. Mutz, Paul M. Sniderman, and Richard A. Brody. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press.

Zukin, Cliff. 1997. Generation X and the news: Road closed? Washington, DC: Radio and Television News Directors Foundation.


Methodology

Bishop, George F., and Andrew Smith. 1991. The Gallup split-ballot experiments. Public Perspective 2:25-27.

Bishop, George F., and Andrew Smith. 2001. Response-order effects and the early Gallup split ballots. Public Opinion Quarterly 65:479-505.

Blankenship, A. B. 1977. Listed versus unlisted numbers in telephone-survey samples. Journal of Advertising Research 17:39-42.

Bradburn, Norman, Seymour Sudman, and Brian Wansink. 2004. Asking questions. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Bradburn, Norman M., and Seymour Sudman. Polls and surveys: Understanding what they tell us. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1988.

Brick, J. Michael, Joseph Waksberg, Dale Kulp, and Amy Starer. 1995. Bias in list-assisted telephone sample. Public Opinion Quarterly 59:218-35.

Christian, Leah Melani, and Don A. Dillman. 2004. The influence of graphical and symbolic language manipulations on responses to self-administered questions. Public Opinion Quarterly 68 (1): 57-80.

Conniffe, Denis, Vanessa Gash, and Philip J. O'Connell. 2000. Evaluating state programmes: "Natural experiments" and propensity scores. The Economic and Social Review 31, no. 4 (October): 283-308.

Couper, Mick, Roger Tourangeau, and Kristin Kenyon. 2004. Picture this! Exploring visual effects in web surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 68:255-66.

Currivan, Douglas, Amy Nyman, Charles Turner, and Lois Biener. 2004. Does telephone audio computer-assisted self-interviewing improve the accuracy of prevalence estimates of youth smoking? Public Opinion Quarterly 68:541-64.

Danielsson, Stig. n.d. The propensity score and estimation in nonrandom surveys: An overview. Report no 18 from the project, "Modern statistical survey methods." Sweden: University of Linköping, Department of Statistics.

Dillman, Don A. 1978. Mail and telephone surveys: The total design method. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Fowler, Floyd J. Jr. 1995. Improving survey questions: Design and evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Fox, Richard J., Melvin R. Crask, and Jonghoon Kim. 1988. Mail survey response rate: A meta-analysis of selected techniques for inducing responses. Public Opinion Quarterly 52:467-91.

Gibson, Diane M., and Wendy Aitkenhead. 1983. The elderly respondent: Experiences from a large-scale survey of the aged. Research on Aging 5 (2): 283-96.

Grossman, Randolph, and Douglas Weiland. 1978. The use of telephone directories as a sample frame: Patterns of bias revisited. Journal of Advertising 7:31-36.

Groves, Robert M., Paul P. Biemer, Lars E. Lyberg, James T. Massey, William L. Nicholls, and Joseph Waksberg (eds). 1988. Telephone survey methodology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Groves. Robert M., and R. Kahn. 1979. Surveys by telephone: A national comparison with personal interviews. New York: Academic Press.

Guo, Shenyang, Richard Barth, and Claire Gibbons. 2004. Introduction to propensity score matching: A new device for program evaluation. PowerPoint presentation from a workshop presented at the annual conference of the Society for Social Work Research, New Orleans.

Hill, P. C., and R. Hood. 1999. Measures of religiosity. Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

Himmelfarb, Harold S., R. Michael Loar, and Susan H. Mott. 1983. Sampling by ethnic surnames: The case of American Jews. Public Opinion Quarterly 47:247-60.

Holbrook, Allyson, Melanie C. Green, and Jon A. Krosnick. 2003. Telephone versus face-to-face interviewing of national probability samples with long questionnaires: Comparisons of respondent satisficing and social desirability response bias. Public Opinion Quarterly 67:79-125.

Imai, Kosuke, and David A. Van Dyk. 2004. Causal inference with general treatment regimes: Generalizing the propensity score. Journal of the American Statistical Association 99, no. 467 (September): 854-66.

Kalton, Graham, and Howard Schuman. 1982. The effect of the question on survey responses: A review. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General) 145 (1): 42-73.

King, Gary, Christopher Murray, Joshua Salomon, and Ajay Tandon. 2003. Enhancing the validity and cross-cultural comparability of measurement in survey research. American Political Science Review 97:567-83.

King, Gary, Michael Tomz, and Jason Wittenberg. 2000. Making the most of statistical analyses: Improving interpretation and presentation. American Journal of Political Science 44, no. 2 (April): 341-55.

Kish, Leslie. Survey sampling. New York: Wiley, 1965.

Krosnick, Jon A., and L. R. Fabrigar. 1997. Designing rating scales for effective measurement in surveys. In Survey measurement and process quality, ed. Lars Lyberg, et al. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Krosnick, Jon A. et al. 2002. The impact of “No Opinion” response options on data quality. Public Opinion Quarterly 66:371-403.

Long, J. Scott. 1997. Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).

Long, J. Scott, and Jeremy Freese. 2003. Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata (College Station, TX: Stata Press).

Magee, Christy G., Ronald L. Straight, and Lawrence Schwartz. 2001. Conducting web-based surveys: Keys to success. The Public Manager 30 (Summer): 47-50.

McClendon, McKee J. 1994. Multiple regression and causal analysis. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers.

Mitofsky, W. 1981. The 1980 pre-election polls: A review of disparate methods and results. Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods, American Statistical Association, 47-52.

Pan, Y. 2003. The role of sociolinguistics in the development and conduct of federal surveys. Paper presented at the Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology, Arlington, VA.

Perry, Paul. 1979. Certain problems in election survey methodology. Public Opinion Quarterly 43:312-25.

Petrocik, John R. 1991. An algorithm for estimating turnout as a guide to predicting elections. Public Opinion Quarterly 55:643-47.

Presser, Stanley, and Howard Schuman. 1980. The measurement of a middle position in attitude surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 44:70-85.

Quigley, Denise D. 2003. Using multivariate matched sampling that incorporates the propensity score to establish a comparison group. CSE technical report no. 596. Center for the Study of Evaluation. University of California, Los Angeles.

Rasinski, Kenneth A. 1989. The effect of question wording on public support for government spending. Public Opinion Quarterly 53:388-96.

Rosenbaum, P. R. and Rubin, D. B. 1983. The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects. Biometrika 70:41-55.

Rossi, Peter, James Wright, and Andy Anderson (eds). 1983. Handbook of survey research. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Rugg, Donald, and Hadley Cantril. 1944. The wording of questions. In Gauging public opinion , ed. Hadley Cantril. Princteon, NJ: Princeton University Press, 23-50.

Sanchez, Maria. 1992. Effects of questionnaire design on the quality of survey data. Public Opinion Quarterly 56 (2): 206-17.

Schuman, Howard, and Jacqueline Scott. 1987. Problems in the use of survey questions to measure public opinion. Science 236:957-59.

Schuman, Howard, and Stanley Presser. 1996. Questions & answers in attitude surveys: Experiments on question form, wording, and context. Reprint edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Shaiko, Ronald G., Diana Dwyre, Mark O’Gorman, Jeffrey M. Stenecash, and James Vike. 1991. Pre-election political polling and the non-response bias issue. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 3:86-100.

Shettle, Carolyn, and Geraldine Mooney. 1999. Monetary incentives in U.S. government surveys. Journal of Official Statistics 15:231-50.

Shoemaker, Pamela J., Martin Eichholz, and Elizabeth A. Skewes. 2002. Item nonresponse: Distinguishing between don’t know and refuse. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 14 (Summer): 193-201.

Smith, Tom W. 1982. Educated don't knows: An analysis of the relationship between education and item nonresponse. Political Methodology 8:47-58.

Smith, Tom W. 1982. House effects and the reproducibility of survey measurements: A comparison of the 1980 GSS and the 1980 American National Election Study. Public Opinion Quarterly 46:54-68.

Smith, Tom W. 1987. That which we call welfare by any other name would smell sweeter. Public Opinion Quarterly 51:75-83.

Smith, Tom W. 1993. Little things matter: A sampler of how differences in questionnaire format can affect survey response. GSS Methodological Report No. 78.

Smith, Tom W. 2003. An experimental comparison of Knowledge Networks and the GSS. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 15 (2003), 167-179.

Tourangeau, Roger, Mick P. Couper, and Frederick Conrad. 2004. Spacing, position, and order: Interpretive heuristics for visual features of survey questions. Public Opinion Quarterly 68 (3): 368-93.

Tourangeau, Roger, Eleanor Singer, and Stanley Presser. 2003. Context effects in attitude surveys: Effects of remote items and impact on predictive validity. Sociological Methods & Research 31 (May): 486-513.

Tourangeau, Roger, and Tom W. Smith. 1996. Asking sensitive questions: The impact of data collection mode, question format, and question content. Public Opinion Quarterly 60:275-304.

Trussell, Norm, and Paul J. Lavrakas. 2004. The influence of incremental increases in token cash incentives on mail survey response: Is there an optimal amount? Public Opinion Quarterly 68:349-67.

Tukey, John W. 1977. Exploratory data analysis. Reading: Addison Wesley.

Turner, Charles F. 1984. Why do surveys disagree? Some preliminary hypotheses and some disagreeable examples. In Surveying Subjective Phenomenon, ed. Charles F. Turner and Elizabeth Martin. Vol. 2. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Velleman, Paul F. and David C. Hoaglin. 1981. Applications, basics, and computing of exploratory data analysis. Boston: Duxbury Press.

Willis, Gordon B. 2005. Cognitive interviewing: A tool for improving questionnaire design.Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications.

Zeisel, Hans. 1947. Say it with figures. New York: Harper & Brothers.


Minorities and intergroup relations

Dutwin, David J., Mollyann Brodie, Melissa J. Herrmann, and Rebecca Levin. 2004. Standing at the crossroads of identity and identification: Latinos and party identification. Phoenix, AZ: Presented at the 2004 annual conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Himmelfarb, Harold S., R. Michael Loar, and Susan H. Mott. 1983. Sampling by ethnic surnames: The case of American Jews. Public Opinion Quarterly 47:247-60.

Keefe, Susan E., and Amado M. Padilla. 1987. Chicano identity. Albuquerque, MN: University of New Mexico Press.

Kuklinski, James, Michael Cobb, and Martin Gillens. 1997. Racial attitudes and the "New South." The Journal of Politics 59 (2): 323-49.

Lewis, Gregory B. 2005. Same-sex marriage and the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 195-99. 

Padilla, A. M., and K. J. Lindholm. 1995. Quantitative educational research with ethnic minorities. In Handbook of research on multicultural education, ed. J. A. Banks and C. A. McGee Banks. New York: Macmillan, 97-113.

Smith, Tom W. 2006. Intergroup relations in contemporary America. New York: National Conference for Community and Justice (forthcoming).

Smith, Tom W. 2001. Intergroup relations in a diverse America: Data from the 2000. General Social Survey. New York: American Jewish Committee.

Smith, Tom W. 1994. Trends in anti-Semitism in contemporary America. Working Papers on Contemporary Anti-Semitism. New York: American Jewish Committee.


Party identification

Dutwin, David J., Mollyann Brodie, Melissa J. Herrmann, and Rebecca Levin. 2004. Standing at the crossroads of identity and identification: Latinos and party identification. Phoenix, AZ: Presented at the 2004 annual conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.


Party politics

Abramowitz, Alan. 2004. Terrorism, gay marriage, and incumbency: Explaining the Republican victory in the 2004 presidential election. The Forum 2, no. 4: Article 3.

Dalton, Russell. 2005. Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2005.

Dalton, Russell. 2004. Democratic challenges, democratic choices: The erosion of political support in advanced industrial democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dalton, Russell, and Martin Wattenberg (eds.). 2000. Parties without partisans: Political change in advanced industrial democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Dionne, E. J. Jr. 2004. Stand up and fight back: Republican toughs, Democratic wimps, and the politics of revenge. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Reichley, A. James. 1992. The life of the parties. New York: Free Press.

 

Political knowledge and interest

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1996. “Know-nothings” revisited again. Political Behavior 18 (September): 219-33.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1997. Why young Americans hate politics and what we should do about it. PS: Political Science & Politics 30 (March): 47-53.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1998. Young Americans’ indifference to media coverage of public affairs. PS: Political Science & Politics 31 (September): 535-41.

Delli Carpini, Michael X., and Scott Keeter. 1996. What Americans know about politics and why it matters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Hyman, Herbert H., and Paul B. Sheatsley. 1947. Some reasons why information campaigns fail. Public Opinion Quarterly 11 (Autumn): 412-423.

Lupia, Arthur, and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1998. The democratic dilemma: Can citizens learn what they need to know? New York: Cambridge University Press.

Morris-Jones, W. H. 1954. In defence of political apathy. Political Studies 2 (March): 25-37.

Patterson, Thomas E. 2002. The vanishing voter: Public involvement in an age of uncertainty. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Shaw, Greg M. 2001. Navigating Slanted Arguments: Framing, Political Knowledge and the Impact of Biased Messages. Illinois Political Science Review 7 (Fall): 41-59.

 

Politics, general

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 2001. Were the halcyon days really golden? An analysis of American’s attitudes about the political process, 1945-1965. In What is it about government that Americans dislike, ed. John H. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dahl, Robert A. 1961. Who governs? Democracy and power in an American city. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Donovan, Todd, and Shaun Bowler. 2004. Reforming the republic: Democratic institutions for the new America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Downs, Anthony. 1957. An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper.

Erikson, Robert S., Michael B. MacKuen, and James A. Stimson. 2002. The macro polity. New York: Cambridge.

Friedman, Barry. 2003. Mediated popular constitutionalism. Michigan Law Review 101: 2596-2636.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1960. Political man: The social bases of politics. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Schier, Steven E. 2000. By invitation only: The rise of exclusive politics in the United States. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Sniderman, Paul M., Richard A. Brody, and Philip E. Tetlock. 1991. Reasoning and choice: Explorations in political psychology. New York: Cambridge Universsity Press.


Polling profession

American Association for Public Opinion Research. 1986, 2005. Code of professional ethics and practices. Ann Arbor, MI: AAPOR.

American Association for Public Opinion Research. 2000. Standard definitions: Final dispositions of case codes and outcome rates for surveys. Ann Arbor, MI: AAPOR.

American Association for Public Opinion Research. 2002. Best practices for survey and public opinion research. Ann Arbor, MI: AAPOR.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F. 1950. The Obligation of the 1950 pollster to the 1984 historian. Public Opinion Quarterly 14:617-38.


Presidential approval

Edwards, George C. III, with Alec M. Gallup. 1990. Presidential approval: A sourcebook. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Moore, David W. 2001. Top ten Gallup presidential approval ratings. Gallup press release, September 24.

 

Presidential politics

Edwards, George C., III. 2003. On deaf ears: The limits of the bully pulpit. New Haven: Yale University Press.

MacKuen, Michael B., and Charles F. Turner. 1984. The popularity of presidents: 1963-1980. In Surveying subjective phenomenon, ed. Charles F. Turner and Elizabeth Martin. Vol. 2. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Mondak, Jeffery J., Christopher J. Lewis, Jason C. Sides, Joohyun Kang, and J. Olyn Long. 2004. Presidential source cues and policy appraisals, 1981-2000. American Politics Research 32 (March): 219-35.

Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1984 Presidents as opinion leaders: Some new evidence. Policy Studies Journal 12 (June): 649-61.


Public opinion, general

Berelson, Bernard R. 1952. Democratic theory and public opinion. Public Opinion Quarterly 16 (Autumn): 313-30.

Berinsky, Adam J. 2004. Silent voices: Public opinion and political participation in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bishop, George F. 2005. The illusion of public opinion: Fact and artifact in American public opinion polls. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Converse, Philip E. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In David E. Apter, Ideology and Discontent. New York: Free Press.

Free, Lloyd A., and Hadley Cantril. 1967. The political beliefs of Americans: A study of public opinion. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

———. 2000. Issue framing and public opinion on government spending. American Journal of Political Science 44:750-67.

Ginsberg, Benjamin. 1986. The captive public: How mass opinion promotes state power. New York: Basic Books.

Jacobs, Lawrence R. and Robert Y. Shapiro. Politicians don't pander: Political manipulation and the loss of democratic responsiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Key, V. O. 1961. Public opinion and American democracy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Lippmann, Walter [1925] 1993. The phantom public. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

Lippmann, W. 1922. Public Opinion. New York, NY: Free Press Paperbacks.

Newport, Frank. 2004. Polling matters: Why leaders must listen to the wisdom of the people. New York: Warner Books.

Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth. 1994. The spiral of silence: Public opinion—our social skin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Page, Benjamin I. and Robert Y. Shapiro. The rational public: Fifty years of trends in Americans' policy preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Page, Benjamin I., Robert Y. Shapiro, and Glenn R. Dempsey. 1987. What moves public opinion. American Political Science Review 81 (March): 23-43.

Petty, Richard E., and John T. Cacioppo. 1981. Attitudes and persuasion—Classic and contemporary approaches. Dubuque, Iowa: W. C. Brown Co. Publishers.

Schwarz, Norbert, and Seymour Sudman (eds.). 1996. Answering questions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Smith, Tom W. 1985. Nonattitudes: A review and evaluation. In Surveying subjective phenomena, ed. Charles F. Turner and Elizabeth Martin. New York: Russell Sage.

Stimson, James. 1999. Public opinion in America. 2d ed. Boulder, Co: Westview Press.

———. Tides of consent: How public opinion shapes American politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Wegner, Daniel M. 2002. The Illusion of Conscious Will. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Zaller, John R. 1992. The nature and origins of mass opinion. New York: Cambridge University Press.


Religion

Benson, John M., Tina M. Reigel, and Melissa J. Herrmann. 2002. Gambling, governments and God. Public Perspective 13(1): 34-37.

Benson, John M., and Lois Timms-Ferrara. 2003. Death and life: Religiousness and capital punishment. Public Perspective 14(1): 33-36.

Bishop, George. 1999. The polls-trends: Americans' belief in God. Public Opinion Quarterly 63:421-34.

Dayton, D. W. 1991. Some doubts about the usefulness of the category "evangelical." In The variety of American evangelicalism, ed. D. W. Dayton and R. K. Johnston. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press.

Domke, D. 2004. God willing? Political fundamentalism in the White House, the "War on Terror," and the echoing press. Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press.

Dubin, B. 1999. Religious faith in Russia of the 90s. The Russian Public Opinion Monitor, No. 1:31-39.

Durkheim, Emile. 1955. The elementary forms of religious life. New York: Free Press.

Gautier, Mary L. 1997. Church attendance and religious belief in postcommunist societies. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36 (June): 289-96.

Glenn, Norval D. 1987. The trend in "no religion": Respondents to U.S. national surveys, late 1950s to early 1980s. Public Opinion Quarterly 51:293-314.

Greeley, Andrew M. 1994. A religious revival in Russia. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33:253-72.

Groeneman, Sid, and Gary Tobin. 2004. The decline of religious identity in the United States. San Francisco: Institute for Jewish & Community Research.

Hendershot, H. 2004. Shaking the world for Jesus: Media and conservative Evangelical culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hoffman, John. 1998. Confidence in religious institutions and secularization: Trends and implications. Review of Religious Research 39, no. 4: 321-43.

Hout, Michael and Claude S. Fischer. 2002. Why more Americans have no religious preference. American Sociological Review 67 (April): 165-90.

Kelley, Jonathan and De Graaf, Nan Dirk. 1997. National context, parental socialization, and religious belief: Results from 15 nations. American Sociological Review 62 (August): 639-59.

Kellstedt, Lyman A., and David C. Leege (eds). 1993. Rediscovering the religious factor in American politics. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

Keysar, Ariela, Egon Mayer, and Barry A. Kosmin. 2003. No religion: A profile of America's unchurched. Public Perspective 14(1): 28-32.

Keysar, Ariela, and Barry A. Kosmin. 2005. Religion and political party preference: New findings from the American Religious Identification Survey. Ithaca , NY: Paramount Market Publishing.

Keysar, Ariela, Barry A. Kosmin, and Egon Mayer. 2002. Religious identification among Hispanics in the United States. New York: Office for Research in Religion in Society and Culture (RISC), Brooklyn College.

Kohut, Andrew, John C. Green, Scott Keeter, and Robert C. Toth. 2000. The diminishing divide: Religion's changing role in American politics. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Kohut, A., J. C. Green, S. Keeter, and R. Toth. 2000. The diminishing divide: Religion's changing role in American politics. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Kosmin, Barry A., and Ariela Keysar. 2005. Religion in a free market. Ithaca, NY: Paramount Market Publishing, forthcoming.

Kosmin, Barry A., and Seymour P. Lachman. 1993. One nation under God. New York: Harmony Books.

Kosmin, Barry A., Egon Mayer, and Ariela Keysar. 2001. American Religious Identity Survey 2001. New York: Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

Layman, Geoffrey. 2001. The great divide: Religious and cultural conflict in American party politics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lozny, Dusan and Marcratilova, Julana. 2001. Religion and secularization in the Czech Republic. Czech Sociological Review 9 (Spring): 85-98.

MacArthur, J. 2002. Can God bless America? Nashville, TN: W Publishing Group.

Marty, M. E. 1981. The revival of evangelicalism and Southern religion. In Varieties of Southern evangelicalism, ed. D. E. Harrell. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.

Meulemann, Heiner. 2000. Beyond unbelief: Religious uncertainty and religious indifference in countries with self induced and enforced secularization. European Societies 2:167-94.

Murphy, C. 1988. Protestantism and the Evangelicals. Wilson Quarterly 5:105-16.

Pfeifer, S., and U. Waelty. 1995. Psychopathology and religious commitment: A controlled study. Psychopathology 28: 70-77.

Putney, S., and R. Middleton. 1961. Dimensions and correlates of religious ideologies. Social Forces 39: 285-90.

Roof, Wade Clark. 1999. The spiritual marketplace. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Seith, S., and M. E. P. Seligman. 1994. The hope of fundamentalists. Psychological Science 5: 58.

Smith, Tom W. 2003. Altruism in contemporary America: A report from the National Altruism Study. Unpublished report prepared for the Fetzer Institute, July.

Weber, T. P. 1991. Premillenialism and the branches of evangelicalism. In The variety of American evangelicalism, ed. D. W. Dayton and R. K. Johnston. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press.

 

Science and technology

Pion, Georgian M., and Mark Lipsey. 1981. Public attitudes toward science and technology: What have the surveys told us? Public Opinion Quarterly 45:303-16.


Social capital and civic participation

Almond, Gabriel A., and Sidney Verba. 1963. The civic culture: Political attitudes and democracy in five nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bennett, William, and Sam Nunn. 1997. A nation of spectators. Washington, DC: National Commission on Civic Renewal.

Damon, William. 2001. To not fade away: Restoring civil identity among the young. In Making good citizens: Education and civil society, ed. Diane Ravitch and Joseph Viteritti. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Galston, William A. 2001. Political knowledge, political engagement, and civic education. Annual Review of Political Science 4: 217-34.

Macedo, Stephen and Yvette M. Alex-Assensoh, eds. 2005. Democracy at risk: Toward a political science of citizenship. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Schudson, Michael. 1998. The good citizen: A history of American civic life. New York: The Free Press.

Verba, Sidney, Kay Schlozman, and Henry Brady. 1995. Voice and equality: Civic voluntarism in American politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Zukin, Cliff, Scott Keeter, Moly Andolina, Krista Jenkins, and Michael X. Delli Carpini. 2006. A new engagement? Political participation, civic life, and the changing American citizen. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Society

Tocqueville, Alexis de. 1966. Democracy in America. New York: Knopf.

 

Supreme Court, judicial

Gibson, James L., Gregory A. Caldeira, and Lester Kenyatta Spence. 2003. Measuring attitudes toward the United States Supreme Court. American Journal of Political Science 47, no. 2: 354-367.

Marshall, Thomas R. 1989. Public opinion and the Supreme Court. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

Mondak, Jeffery J. 1993. Institutional legitimacy and procedural justice: Reexamining the question of causality. Law and Society Review 27: 599-608.

Mondak, Jeffery J., and Shannon Ishiyama Smithey. 1997. The dynamics of public support for the Supreme Court. Journal of Politics 59:1140-42.

Perry, Barbara A. 1995. The priestly tribe—The Supreme Court’s image in the American mind. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Rottman, David B., and Alan J. Tompkins. 1999. Trust and confidence in the courts: What public opinion surveys mean to judges. Court Review. Fall, 24-31.

Wenzel, James P., Shaun Bowler, and David J. Lanoue. 2003. The sources of public confidence in state courts: Experience and institutions. American Politics Research 31, no. 2:191-211.


Survey and social research, general

Abrams, Mark. 1951. Social surveys and social action. London: Heinemann.

Converse, Jean M. 1986. Survey research in the United States. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Converse, Jean. 1987. Survey research in the United States. Roots and emergence 1890-1960. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Oberschall, Anthony. 1965. Empirical social research in Germany 1848-1914. Paris: Mouton.

Martin, Elizabeth. 1983. Surveys as social indicators: Problems in monitoring trends. In Handbook of survey research, ed. Peter Rossi, James Wright, and Andy Anderson. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 677-743.

Seligson, Mitchell. 2005. Improving the quality of survey research in democratizing countries. Political Science & Politics: PS 38 (1): 51-56 .

Smith, T. M. F. 1978. Principles and problems in the analysis of repeated surveys. In Survey sampling and measurement, ed. N. Krishnan Namboodiri. New York: Academic Press.

Tourangeau, Roger, Lance Rips, and Kenneth A. Rasinski. 2000. The psychology of survey response. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Weisberg, Herbert F., Jon A. Krosnick, and Bruce D. Bowen. 1996. An introduction to survey research, polling, and data analysis. 3d ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

 

Trust in government

Alford, John. 2001. We’re all in this together: The decline of trust in government. In What is it about government that Americans dislike, ed. John H. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cooper, Joseph, ed. 1999. Congress and the decline of public trust. Boulder: Westview Press.

Gaines, Brian J. 2002. Where’s the rally? Approval and trust of the president, cabinet, Congress, and government since September 11. PS, September, 531-36.

Levi, Margaret, and Laura Stoker. 2000. Political trust and trustworthiness. Annual Review of Political Science 3:475-507.

Nye, Joseph S. Jr., Philip D. Zelikow, and David C. King. 1997. Why people don’t trust government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Values

Brodie, Mollyann, Claudia Deane, Nina Kjellson, Richard Morin, Robert Blendon, and John Benson. 1999. Value conflicts, party divisions, and policy consequences: The Washington Post/Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard University Survey on American Values. Presented at the 1999 annual conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg, FL.

Hillygus, D. Sunshine, and Todd G. Shields. 2005. Moral issues and voter decision making in the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 201-9.

 

Youth

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1997. Why young Americans hate politics and what we should do about it. PS: Political Science & Politics 30 (March): 47-53.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1998. Young Americans’ indifference to media coverage of public affairs. PS: Political Science & Politics 31 (September): 535-41.

 

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